The 17th SCO summit and its impacts on Afghanistan

  Astana, the Kazakhstani capital, hosted the summit of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) leaders on 8 and 9 June 2017. The Afghan president Ashraf Ghani had also participated in this meeting. Besides delivering his speech in the summit, the Afghan President met the Presidents of China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, as well as the Prime Ministers of […]

Can the “Kabul Process” pave the way for peace?

  Despite the bloody security incidents and deep internal political divisions, the “Kabul Process” was held in Kabul last week. The representatives of several international entities and more than 23 countries including Pakistan, Iran, the US, and the UK had participated in this conference. The responsibility for the management and implementation of the decisions made […]

The recent political and security tensions: concerns and outcomes

  The latest bloody incidents in Kabul have paved the way for political tensions in the country, and following the series of political mistrusts, disagreements between Jamiat-e-Islami and the government has increased. The deadly incident in the green zone in Kabul last week killed more than 90 people and injured around 461 others[1]. This incident […]

The Afghan airspace and the existing challenges

  Several days ago, violating the Afghan airspace, Russian airplanes entered Badakhshan province in Northern Afghanistan. Moreover, some media outlets have released reports which suggested that in some of the Northern provinces, unknown helicopters had landed and distributed arms to unknown armed groups. Despite billions of dollars of international community’s aid, Afghanistan is still encountering […]

Afghan Education and the Contention between the Government and the Taliban

  Education is one of the most fundamental and vital part of human life and plays a prime role in the development of the human society. In the past one and half decade, the Afghan education has certainly had remarkable progress, however; still, there exist many problems and challenges in its way, the most important […]

Torture and violence against prisoners in Afghanistan

  In its recent report, the US Committee against Torture (CAT) has accused Kandahar Police Chief General Abdul Razeq of torturing prisoners, executions without trial and having secret prisons. General Razeq, on the other hand, denies all these accusations. Approximately one month ago (24 April 2017), a report, published by United National Assistance Mission in […]

The Rise of Taliban Diplomacy

  How are the Taliban and Kabul faring in their diplomatic tug-of-war over Afghanistan’s neighbors? By Ahmad Bilal Khalil Since the formation of the Afghan National Unity Government (NUG), the Taliban and the NUG have been locked in a regional competition. The Taliban has widened its diplomatic relations with Russia, China, Iran, and some Central Asian and […]

Academic debate: regional geopolitical changes and its impacts on Afghanistan

  Since the past several years, we have witnessed many geopolitical changes in the region and the world. Especially in our region, since the previous two years, it seems that, as during the cold war, the region is divided into two blocs; the difference being that this time instead of ideology, changing regional situation and […]

Hekmatyar’s entry into national politics and its impacts on the country

  After two decades, the head of Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin Hekmatyar appeared in a public gathering in Laghman province. Some lawmakers and government officials had also participated in the meeting, and it was the first time Hekmatyar directly and officially met Afghan government officials since 2001. Hekmatyar give a speech in a gathering of his followers […]

The mother of all bombs, the reasons behind its use and its evaluation

  The US forces used their biggest non-nuclear bomb in Assadkhail region in Achin District of Nangarhar Province on 13 April 2017. This weapon which is also called “the mother of all bombs” is said to have been used to target ISIL fighters in Afghanistan, but many believe that using “the mother of all bombs” […]

The NUG and the alarms of political instability

  Issuing a decree, the Afghan President Ashraf Ghani dismissed his Special Representative for Reforms and Good Governance Ahmad Zia Massoud on 17th April 2017. After the issuance of the President’s decree Dawa Khan Mina Pal, the Deputy Spokesperson of President Ghani, said that the reason behind discharging Massoud was his weak performance. One day […]

Initiation of foreign efforts regarding the Afghan peace process

  Since the past several years, regional and international powers have initiated efforts for the Afghan peace process. The upcoming conference on Afghanistan in Moscow and its subsequent developments is an example of these efforts. In the meanwhile, at the recent meeting of NATO ministers of foreign affairs, the US Secretary of States Rex Tillerson […]

Corruption in judiciary; impacts and factors behind it

  Last week, the special representative of the European Union (EU) for Afghanistan Michael Mellbin said that the Afghan judicial organs were the most corrupt administrations. The reform program of the National Unity Government (NUG) is in a stalemate and corruption rate is increasing day by day. In the meanwhile, Mellbin has also said that […]

Afghanistan in 1395: Achievements and failures

  Compared to the past 15 years, 1395 was one of the most challenging years for Afghanistan. In this year, the security situation was worse than ever, the peace process faced a stalemate, foreign policy was, to a greater extent, imbalanced, the country’s economic growth was low, and the country was dealing with migration crisis […]